The Civil Justice Council (CJC) has completed various studies and is now seeking to establish the introduction of pre-action protocols across all actions which can be litigated in the Courts. The Error 815 introduction of these pre-action protocols is aimed at persuading potential litigants to attempt to resolve their dispute before they start a claim and demands for Court proceedings are issued.
There are well-defined pre-action protocol obligations that are in place for nine areas, the better known of which are:
• Personal Injury
• Clinical Disputes
• Construction and Engineering Disputes
• Professional Negligence
The CJC, which wishes to introduce further pre-action protocols, has been concerned not to tamper with those established protocols. As a result of this, the CJC proposes that a Runtime Error 482 ‘general pre-action protocol’ be introduced. The rules of the mtnblogmix ‘general pre-action protocol’ will be both applicable and obligatory, unless the dispute falls within one of the What Each Novice Should Be Aware Regarding the Proper Repair of Skateboards nine pre-existing pre-action protocols currently in force.
The idea behind pre-action protocols is to encourage potential litigants to make every effort to resolve their dispute prior to actually starting a claim. The new general protocol will require disclosure of documents and consideration of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), including arbitration.
In debt claims, the general pre-action protocol will require business claimants with potential claims against an unrepresented individual to provide a series of particular pieces of information. Firstly, they must ensure that details are made available as to how the money owed can be paid. Secondly, details of who the Defendant should contact to discuss the repayment, such as instalments or deferment, must also be made available. In addition to these, information about sources of fee debt advice must be included as well.
This information will not have to be part of the initial Error Code 102 pre-action protocol letter, but must be drawn to the individual’s attention at some stage. This proposed inclusion follows HM Microsoft Error Code 0x0 Court Service consultation which identified that many debtors, instead of being encouraged to engage with creditors at an early stage, tend to ignore demands until Court proceedings are issued. The general pre-action protocol requirements are aimed at encouraging engagement. Early engagement in such matters often leads to a far more straightforward resolution, with a quicker conclusion of the issue reached for both parties as a result.
It is Assist Your Swing From the Ground Up therefore intended to roll out pre-action protocols across the board, by expanding the requirements for parties to attempt to resolve matters without the Court’s assistance. The message for all potential litigants, therefore, will be to engage with each other at an early stage, as opposed potentially to letting matters worsen, making productive engagement between the parties more difficult later. To encourage Accounting Outsourcing: Get Desired Results this process, of the principle in the current pre-action protocol rules that “it is expressly recognised that no party can or should be forced to mediate or enter into any form of ADR” will not feature under in the proposed general pre-action protocol.
Finally, it should be noted that the current sanctions for non-compliance with pre-action protocols are likely to be adopted into the general pre-action protocol rules.
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Mark Bishop is a Fellow of The Institute of Legal Executives and is a key member of London Law Firm Healys Solicitors, also aiding the Brighton Solicitor office.